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Alarm bell long | You need this workshop safety production guide

4107 0 7/25/2019 15:12:45 4107 0

March is doomed to be extraordinary

21日14时许,江苏省盐城市响水县天嘉宜化工厂发生特大爆炸事故, 事故造成致78人遇难。 At about 14:00 on March 21st, a major explosion occurred at Tianjiayi Chemical Plant in Xiangshui County, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province, which killed 78 people. As early as February last year, the plant was named by the State Administration of Safety Supervision, and there were 13 potential safety hazards.

2. On March 25, Zhaoyuan Jinheng Chemical Co., Ltd., located in Xinzhuang Town, Zhaoyuan City, Yantai, suffered a burst and fire accident that killed one person and injured four.

3. At around 7.12 on March 31, a container containing scrap metal exploded on the outdoor site of the processing center workshop of Handing Precision Metal Co., Ltd. in Kunshan, Suzhou City, causing 7 deaths and 1 serious injury. 4 Minor injuries.

Safety accidents have erupted one after another, causing the whole society to pay attention.

请从这14个方面入手: Workshop safety production, please start from these 14 aspects:

1. Is there a "three violations" phenomenon at the production site?

三违 ”,是指违章指挥、违章操作、违反劳动纪律。 " Three violations " refer to violation of command, operation, and labor discipline.

Whether employees operate and wear labor protection articles in accordance with safe operating procedures. There are different regulations on the provision and use of labor protection supplies for employees in different industries. For example, construction workers must equip and use hard hats, work clothes, work shoes, gloves, etc. Smashers must focus on the use and use of dust and gas masks. Use protective leather shoes, protective glasses, etc.

2. Whether the workshop and warehouse environment is clean and orderly

For example, oxygen cylinders and acetylene cylinders cannot be exposed or inverted, and two cylinders cannot be stored in the same inventory. Well-ventilated and spacious places can be stacked 5 meters away.

3. Is the management of dangerous goods standardized?

Whether the management of severe drugs and explosives has achieved the "Five Doubles", whether hazardous chemicals are exclusively stocked, and whether hazardous chemicals have safety technical specifications and safety labels.

4. Whether safety equipment and safety warning signs are installed on key projects and key equipment and facilities

Important items and facilities must be equipped with safety devices and safety warning signs, and operators must be familiar with safe operating procedures.

5. Is the use of hot fire approved and effective protective measures taken?

Fires in the factory area must be approved by fire, and effective protective measures must be taken. Private fires are strictly prohibited.

6. Have safety precautions been taken for dangerous operations such as high-altitude suspension and limited space operations?

For dangerous operations, it is necessary to formulate a construction plan, safe operating procedures, take safety precautions, set up a safe area on the job site, conduct construction by qualified units and professionals, determine a person to conduct unified field command, and have safety production management personnel on site Supervision.

7. Whether the facilities of workshop, warehouse and staff quarters meet the safety requirements

Facilities in workshops, warehouses, employee canteens, and dormitories should be regularly checked and updated, and records should be made to meet national security requirements.

8. Are workshops and employee dormitories provided with safe exits and evacuation routes as required?


;但符合下列要求的可设1个: 1. The safety exit of the factory building should generally not be less than two ; however, one can be set up if it meets the following requirements:

m², 且同一时间生产人数不超过5人。 (1) The building area of each floor of the Class A factory building does not exceed 100 m², and the number of production personnel does not exceed 5 at the same time.

m², 且同一时间生产人数不超过10人。 (2) The building area of each floor of the Class B factory building does not exceed 150 m², and the number of employees at the same time does not exceed 10.

m², 且同一时间生产人数不超过20人。 (3) The building area of each floor of the Class C factory building does not exceed 250 m², and the number of employees at the same time does not exceed 20.

400 m², 且同一时间的生产人数不超过30人。 (4) The building area of each floor of Class D and E workshops does not exceed 400 m², and the number of employees at the same time does not exceed 30 people.


2. The evacuation passage of the factory building includes stairs, walkways and doors :

The width of the evacuation stairs should be no less than 1.1m, the width of the walkway should be no less than 1.4m, the width of the evacuation door should be no less than 0.9m and the door should open outwards (when the number of people is less than 50, it can be appropriately reduced, but the width of the door Not less than 0.8m). Stairs and walkways shall be installed with emergency lighting and evacuation indicators.


3.Fire fighting equipment

Fire extinguishers shall be arranged in accordance with the hazard level of the enterprise site. When configuring fire extinguishers, they should be selected according to the nature of the company's production. For example, foam or ABC dry powder fire extinguishers should be provided in petrochemical sites, and gas (carbon dioxide, haloalkane) fire extinguishers should be selected for precision instruments. ABC dry powder fire extinguishers should be provided in other places.


;但符合下列要求的可设1个: 1. The safety exit of the factory building should generally not be less than two ; however, one can be set up if it meets the following requirements:

m², 且同一时间生产人数不超过5人。 (1) The building area of each floor of the Class A factory building does not exceed 100 m², and the number of production personnel does not exceed 5 at the same time.

m², 且同一时间生产人数不超过10人。 (2) The building area of each floor of the Class B factory building does not exceed 150 m², and the number of employees at the same time does not exceed 10.

m², 且同一时间生产人数不超过20人。 (3) The building area of each floor of the Class C factory building does not exceed 250 m², and the number of employees at the same time does not exceed 20.

400 m², 且同一时间的生产人数不超过30人。 (4) The building area of each floor of Class D and E workshops does not exceed 400 m², and the number of employees at the same time does not exceed 30 people.


2. The evacuation passage of the factory building includes stairs, walkways and doors :

The width of the evacuation stairs should be no less than 1.1m, the width of the walkway should be no less than 1.4m, the width of the evacuation door should be no less than 0.9m and the door should open outwards (when the number of people is less than 50, it can be appropriately reduced, but the width of the door Not less than 0.8m). Stairs and walkways shall be installed with emergency lighting and evacuation indicators.


3.Fire fighting equipment

Fire extinguishers shall be arranged in accordance with the hazard level of the enterprise site. When configuring fire extinguishers, they should be selected according to the nature of the company's production. For example, foam or ABC dry powder fire extinguishers should be provided in petrochemical sites, and gas (carbon dioxide, haloalkane) fire extinguishers should be selected for precision instruments.

9. Does the ventilation and dust removal meet the requirements?

比较严重的车间,是否有采用机械通风排除有害物 In the production process, are there any workshops that produce trace heat, steam, smoke, and dust? Do you have doors and windows for natural ventilation? Are there more serious workshops that use mechanical ventilation to eliminate harmful substances?

10. Whether electrical equipment and installation meet industry standards and safety conditions


The electrical equipment includes electrical appliances that generate, transform, transmit or use electricity.


1. Transmission and distribution lines: The closest horizontal distance between Class A factory buildings and warehouses, Class A and B liquid and gas storage tanks and overhead power lines is not less than 1.5 times the height of poles, and Class C liquid storage tanks are not less than 1.2 times the height of poles . Wires in the plant must not be connected or pulled in random, and iron wires and copper wires cannot be used in place of fuses.


2. When the length of the power distribution room is greater than 7m and the building area is greater than 60m, two exits shall be provided; the doors of the power distribution room shall be opened outwards; the windows of the power distribution room shall be protected from rain and snow and small animals.


3. The electrical equipment should be grounded.


4. Explosion-proof devices should be used for switches, lighting and other electrical equipment in dangerous goods production and storage places. Wires should be protected by non-combustion tubes. Incandescent lamps in warehouses should be below 60W (the use of ordinary fluorescent lamps is strictly prohibited).

11. Whether special equipment has valid safe use certificate


The use of special equipment such as boilers, pressure vessels, elevators, hoisting machinery, etc. must pass the registration, inspection and inspection of the quality and technical supervision department, and obtain a use certificate.

12. Whether effective monitoring measures are taken for major hazard sources

When major dangerous sources enter the factory area, effective monitoring measures must be taken, and a special person is responsible for follow-up inspection.

有关安全规章制度和安全操作规程是否落实到位 13. Whether the relevant safety rules and regulations and safe operating procedures have been put in place

Enterprises must strictly implement safety rules and regulations and safe operating procedures.


其他需要观察的方面 14. Other aspects to be observed

1. Whether the construction project has passed the "three simultaneous" review of production safety.

According to the regulations, the construction projects that need to be “three-simultaneously” reviewed for safe production are: one is a mine construction project, the other is a construction project for the production and storage of dangerous goods, the third is a construction project that uses dangerous chemicals and other high-risk industries, and It is a construction project within the scope of supervision and management of major hazard sources. Fifth, it is a construction project with fire and explosion hazards. Sixth, it is a construction project that has a large impact on the national and regional economy. Seventh, it is a construction project that is otherwise regulated by the state and the industry. It is another construction project with more dangers or higher dangers confirmed by the safety production supervision and management department. The review process is divided into preliminary design review and completion acceptance review.


2. Whether high-risk enterprises conduct safety evaluation in accordance with regulations.

Refers to the production and storage of dangerous goods and the units of production, storage, operation and use of dangerous chemicals, high-risk enterprises such as mines, fireworks and firecrackers, and enterprises with major sources of danger, which must be evaluated in accordance with national regulations.


3. Whether employees have overtime work.


如制革企业喷光车间的安全状况,高危企业是否安装防静电装置、防雷装置等。 4. Have you carried out some targeted inspections and rectifications based on the production characteristics of the industry, such as the safety status of the tanning company's spray booth, and whether high-risk enterprises have installed anti-static devices and lightning protection devices?


5. Whether the company's responsible person, safety management personnel, and special operations personnel hold a certificate to take up their posts, and whether the employees have undergone "third-level training".


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